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Эрик Хобсбаум родился в 1917 году. Член Британской академии и Аме­риканской академии искусств и наук, обладатель почетных степеней уни­верситетов разных стран.

Книга Эпоха крайностей: Короткий двадцатый век (1914-1991) неиз­менно попадает во все каталоги книг по всеобщей истории. Разгадка это­го феноменального успеха проста: английский ученый создал детальный и оригинальный обзор важнейших явлений и процессов, характерных для мирового общества в период между 1914 и 1991 годами. При этом он не только суммировал факты, но и постарался вписать их в систему истори­ческого синтеза, воссоздавая дух времени.

Основные вопросы, на которых сосредоточивается Хобсбаум, на­ступление тотальной войны, революция в России, Великая депрессия, упа­док либерализма и приход диктатур, объединение антифашистских сил во Второй мировой войне, деколонизация и конец империй, «золотая эпоха» послевоенного подъема и период последующих экономических кризисов, развитие стран третьего мира, возникновение и распад социалистиче­ской системы. Отдельные главы посвящены культурной революции, науке и искусству.

Автор с одинаковой внутренней логикой описывает, как радио изме­нило жизнь бедняков, рассказывает о ходе и значении гражданской войны в Испании или объясняет влияние развития мировой экономики на сель­ское хозяйство. Но главное он никогда не бывает скучен.

9 '785867 121624

ISBN 5-86712-162-3

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